In 1893 Aotearoa New Zealand became the first country in the world in which all women gained the right to vote in general elections — thanks to the women who created, organised and signed the Women’s Suffrage Petition — Te Petihana Whakamana Pōti Wahine.
She signed: Kate Sheppard
Kate Sheppard | 1847–1934
New Zealand’s best-known suffragist, Kate Sheppard was born Catherine Wilson Malcolm in Liverpool in 1847. She became involved in the women’s suffrage movement after meeting Mary Leavitt, a delegate from the American Woman’s Christian Temperance Union in 1885.
Kate was a founding member of the New Zealand branch and was tasked with co-ordinating the local unions and franchise supporters. By 1893 she was at the forefront of the campaign resulting in the signing of the suffrage petition and the passing of the Electoral Act on 19 September.
The granting of the vote to women in New Zealand was only the beginning of Kate’s political work. In 1894 she travelled to London to support the English suffragists. She continued to work with the National Council of Women and in 1923 she was made a national life member of the organisation.
Ka tuku pōti ngā tāne katoa mai i te tau 1879. Waihoki e hiahia ana te hunga wahine ki te tuku pōti kia rangona ai te reo a ngā wāhine ki rō pāremata.
Koia tētehi tino hiahia a te rōpu whai whakamana wahine i te rau tau tekau mā iwa.
The year of the “monster”
1893 was an election year. The suffragists organising the Petition knew that if the law was not changed before the election they would have to wait, at the very least, 3 more years for women to vote.
Similar petitions had been presented to Parliament in 1891 (signed by about 9,000 women), and 1892 (signed by about 20,000). The 1893 petition was, in the words of its main organiser Kate Sheppard, “a monster”.
Combined with a number of smaller petitions, it had nearly 32,000 signatures representing almost a quarter of all adult women in the country.
Even in back lanes and alleys, resolute-looking female members of the committee present themselves at every door, with petition in hand, and volubly explain their mission. Their enthusiasm is infectious.
— The Auckland Star, 1893
Image: Behold, she stands at the door and knocks, 1913. H-712-009
A radical notion
‘Person’ includes woman.
— Electoral Act, 1893 (Definitions)
Image: National Council of Women, Christchurch, 1896. 1/2-041798-F
Get into the Petition’s past and present
Come explore He Tohu
In He Tohu you can see the Petition in person, along with He Whakaputanga and Te Tiriti.
Explore the stories of the Women's Suffrage Petition, and get to know the people who signed the document.